Gophers, as we know, are burrowing mammals that cause havoc to the sweeping grounds in the gardens or residential areas. There are 35 species of gophers and one species in your backyard can be as obnoxious as any other species. If you see unsettling mounds in the garden or parks, don’t be alarmed. And if you see the appearance of your lawn deteriorating, it might be due to the gophers.
The size of these earthly creatures varies from 6 to 13 inches, depending on the age, type and gender. So, these tunnels that they build would reflect the sizes of the mounds. Gophers can create up to 15 mounds of dirt in a day and a single pocket gopher can create up to 300 dirt mounds a year. These mounds not only disturb the appearance of the lawns, serving as nuisance to the homeowners, but also they destroy the plant growth.
Gophers dig for life and they choose their soil of a lifetime. It is very important that it is the type of soil that is light, slightly loose and well-drained. They prefer light soil with at least 4 inches of depth over thick, heavy soil like clay or wet, saturated soil. In sandy soil, they dig deeper until they reach a level of saturated soil good enough to make a solid tunnel. When looking for gophers, don’t focus on the finding the animals, but focus on the fresh new mounds of soil that indicate the presence of gophers.
These burrowing animals also destroy the plant life in addition to disturbing the soil around them. As gophers are herbivores, they eat nuts, seeds, woody shrubs, twigs and just about anything green and grows from the ground. In addition, while underground, they consume plant roots, causing the plants to lose growth and ultimately destroy any living plant.